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SaltStick Caps have been formulated to provide electrolytes to help minimize heat stress and muscle cramping due to perspiration, in a quantity and form which your body can absorb. This product is ideal for athletes, outdoor workers or for use in hot conditions. Two SaltStick Caps in an hour equate to 430 mg sodium, 126 mg potassium, 44 mg calcium, and 22 mg magnesium per hour, which is the ideal ratio to keep you moving.
- The ONLY electrolyte capsule that was formulated to closely resemble the electrolyte profile lost during activity: sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium.
- Contains only WHAT YOU NEED: No herbal, trace, questionable components added. Gluten free. No soy or nuts. No sweeteners, and no high fructose corn syrup.
- Free of banned substances. Made in the USA.
- Vegetable-based capsule composition. Bio-available active ingredients.
- Each capsule contains: 215 mg sodium, 63 mg potassium, 22 mg calcium, 11 mg magnesium. 100 IU Vitamin D to help the body absorb and utilize calcium.
- Suggested use: 1 capsule per 30-60 minutes during activity.
- Also great for effective rehydration during international travel, hiking, and effects of alcohol and unfamiliar foods
- Also helpful for electrolyte supplementation for CF, POTS and Addison's disease
|Warranty||FAQs||WADA & Drug Testing|
|Salt Science||Usage Guide||Why SaltStick Caps?|
How do you think SaltStick Caps and Caps Plus Measure Up?
Why do we feel that SaltStick Caps have the best profile?
Simply because SaltStick Caps have everything you need for electrolyte replacement, and nothing extra†.
What is lost in sweat should be replaced by your electrolyte capsules in a manner in which your body can absorb. Only SaltStick Caps do this in a single product. SaltStick Caps have been formulated to allow your body to absorb the electrolyte content in the suggested serving of 1-2 capsules per hour. Other products require 3-6 or more capsules per hour. Two SaltStick Caps equate to 430 mg sodium, 126 mg potassium, 22 mg magnesium, and 44 mg calcium per hour: The ideal ratio to keep you moving.
TM: All product trademarks belong to their respective owners. Chart is assembled from publicly-available information and is believed accurate at time of compilation.
Note: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
A collection of your posts, emails, photos, and feedback...
Joanna Zeiger, 2008 Ironman 70.3 World Champion & World's Best Time, 2x Ironman Winner, 4th Sydney 2000 Olympics, 5th Ironman Hawaii 2000
I just wanted to let you know that the Saltstick Caps are awesome. I have used them at every race for the past 2 years and they work like a dream. Thanks so much -- I can't wait to use them from now on!
Becky Lavelle, Winner, Wildflower triathlon 2007, 2nd Lifetime fitness triathlon, 1st Escape from Alcatraz
I raced 4 times in 15 days! Not that I'll do that again, but all in all it went well. I also wanted to let you know that I'm loving the salt capsules... I think they really helped me at LTF. Ever since I started using them, I haven't felt sick after hot races either... I used to have a problem of feeling sick several hours after a tough/hot race. But that hasn't happened in a while. :) So thank you again!! I've tried a number of different salt tablets for hot and humid races, and Saltstick Caps are the only ones that have the right amount of sodium, are gentle on my stomach, and really work! They are the best!
Chris McCormack, Winner Ironman Hawaii 2007, 2nd Ironman Hawaii 2006 and multiple Ironman and triathlon winner
Yes the Salt dispenser worked really well and I will be using it again. The bigger one would be better but 6 salt tabs were fine in the end. In a hot year I might need a few more but for now it was perfect.
Your SaltStick Caps are awesome, mate!
Normann Stadler, 2004 and 2006 Ironman World Champion and multi-Ironman winner
It is important to include minerals, especially sodium. For that reason I always have salt-tablets with me.
Patrick Watson, Team REVO
We just got back from doing the Raid World Championships in Canada. We finished after 7 days and 4 hours of racing. I typically used the Saltstick Caps every hour or so, either one or two depending on how much I've been sweating. I really don't think you should change anything, it's a perfect mix of everything right now. Not too strong, yet not too weak and you can adjust it as needed by taking more or less. Also, several of my friends are doing the Everest Challenge and I have referred them to your product. We couldn't have finished without them. Thanks again!
Bill, Colorado Springs
As a new and improving trail runner, I am winding my way through "what works." Even with gels and various sports drinks, I have never experienced the type of sustained energy and overall lack of muscle fatigue since I started using SaltStick Caps on my long runs with one each hour. A recent 25M race came in with negative splits, broke my goal time and my post race recovery was excellent. Thanks for the great product.
I just got back from a multi-day trek in the Andes where I was hiking up to nearly 5000 meters for over 9 hours a day with a limited diet. Sounds like fun, eh? Well, SaltStick Caps helped keep my electrolytes balanced in spite of the difficulties and are a weight-and-space-efficient alternative to drink mixes for long backpacking trips. They also made a great addition to my first aid kit to help replenish salts after GI issues.
Having participated in triathlon for 10 years, my biggest limiter was not my fitness levels but cramp. I could regularly been seen at races, standing still screaming in agony as my legs went into uncontrolled spasms. I had DNF-ed more Half Ironmans than I had completed and was ready to give it all up. It was suggested I try Saltsticks before and during the race. 3 weeks after this I raced a Half Ironman with no cramp issues at all and finished 6th overall beating the elite women. To me this product has turned racing from "when will I cramp?" to "how fast can I go?"
I had a pair of Saltstick dispensers on my bike for IMAZ, they each held 6 Hammer eCaps. They are by far the easiest method of dispensing caplets while riding I have ever used! The added weight is miniscule, and they are easy to mount... mine are inside my aerobars facing towards me! I am going to stick to the coin purse for running, but I have two of the mini-Saltsticks that will be going on my road bike. Great product... wish I had though of it!
I bought two of these (saltsticks) for IMMoo and mounted them in my bars (like Stadler). I had asked about these (on Slowtwitch.com) before I bought them, but, got little response. I promised to write a product review, but, failed to do so... So .... I used them and they worked incredibly well. If you recall, IMMoo was a wet mess all day. The sticks kept my salt caps completely dry. Having them right on your bars makes you remember to actually take the caps on a regular basis. I also bought two mini saltsticks and put them on my race number belt for the run. Again, in the rain, kept the pills perfectly dry and very easy to access. Small little turn and the pill pops right out. I love these things. Showed them to my lbs guy after the race. He liked them so much, he has decided to start stocking them.
Howard C. Atlanta GA
I have to tell you that I attribute my success at IMAZ 07 to your amazing product. I've always had nutrition/hydration problems from bike to run, however, with your product, all the nutrition and hydration I took on the course absorbed cleanly into my system. No swampy stomach. I was amazed. It propelled me to a PR 9:55, and Hawaii qualifier.
...I buckled down and did some hard training in preparation for Ironman Lake Placid this past weekend. Your SaltSticks are just THE BEST! ... I set my bike up on Saturday before the race with two SaltSticks on the handlebars, just under my aeropads. It was pouring rain and I only had a plastic bag big enough to cover my chain. I didn't think to remove the SaltSticks until I was laying in bed that night. Oh well. Sunday morning was still dripping as we entered the water to start the race. Got through the swim and headed out on the bike. My handlebars were soaked, everything was soaked. As I coasted down the downhill into Keene it was time for my first salt capsule. Twisted the stick, and out popped a perfectly dry capsule. Not a drop of moisture on it!
As any triathlete knows, nutrition is an extremely important part of your race. This product is great, it makes it very easy to get to your electrolyte pills or whatever else you take and prevents them from getting wet and falling apart. Wonderful product!
Maybe this should be in the nutrition section, since that's what it is for, but it is a neat trick, which makes it a gadget. It is designed to hold electrolyte tablets. There are two sizes, one holds 3-5 tabs, the other 5-7. The big ones fit inside aerobars, the smaller inside regular road bars. Both sizes can also be mounted outside any bars, or attached to a race belt. Once they are loaded, you simply turn the top clockwise and a capsule slowly pops out. Much easier than dealing with plastic baggies, film canisters, or any other capsule storage I have seen. Really smart idea, really smart design. I have 4 for the bike, and am getting a couple more for the race belt. (If you haven't read elsewhere, I sweat a lot, so need lots of electrolytes)
Jared Berg - Elite Triathlete and Endurance Coach
Salt capsules have been a staple of mine when racing long course triathlons for a number of years... At Wildflower, I started on the run and immediately took a SaltStick capsule... I am convinced that the SaltStick Caps had the right composition to keep the cramps from stopping my forward progress...Thanks!
6/1-3/06 D. Shen
...Honu 70.3...Luckily, the supporting bike shop sets up in the hotel and I get my derailleur shifting fixed. There, I get registered and roam the race shop. I find this new gadget called the SaltStick http://www.saltstick.com. It is a salt tablet dispenser that is mounted within the aerobar handle. All you do is twist the dispenser and it slowly gives you one tablet at a time. COOL! No more fumbling with ziplocks on the ride!
I used Saltstick at IMAZ this past weekend  and really must say how pleased I was with the product..Conditions were a little extreme and folks were cramping up right, left and center but I got to race my race and really never did have a problem.Guess this stuff really works!
I ran my first 25k Trail run at Malibu Creek a few weeks ago and had a bad cramp on my left calf near Castro Peak. A random runner came to my aid and handed me 2 SaltStick capsules and told me the cramp would go away within a few minutes. It worked! I ended up finishing in just under 3 hrs and bumped into the lady, who gave me the pills, at the finish line. She told me that the same thing happened to her previously: She was also given SaltStick caps by another random runner. It's awesome what these electrolyte capsules did for me and what they'll do for me on future trail runs and marathons.
I just finished the dreaded Mulholland Challenge ride of 108 miles and 12,000 ft of climbing and was delighted that I didn't cramp at all, especially at my magic 80 mile mark. I have to thank Saltstick Caps to completing the challenge unscathed.
SaltStick® Fastchews have been produced in a quality-controlled cGMP facility. On a rare occasion, a roll may contain damaged tablets. We apologize in advance, and would like to offer warranty service as described below.
The SaltStick® Fastchews are covered for a period of 90 days from the date of purchase. During this period of time, defective product will be replaced free of charge, subject to the exclusions below.
Retailers and sellers of the SaltStick® caps and fastchews are not authorized to modify this warranty in any way. This warranty does not cover any of the following:
Warranty Service: To obtain service under this warranty, you must send the defective unit and proof of purchase (including date of purchase) to:
Toker Engineering LLC
International users should return the defective unit to their original purchase location. Any postage, insurance or shipping cost, incurred in sending your SaltStick® product for service, is your responsibility. Toker Engineering LLC is not responsible for products lost or damaged in shipping.
Product Safety (12)
Can I take more than 10 SaltStick Caps or 15 SaltStick Caps Plus per day?
The suggested limit for SaltStick Caps intake is ten (10) per day and SaltStick Caps Plus, 15 per day. However, the intensity, duration, and/or heat associated with a particular activity may warrant the intake of additional SaltStick caps. Moreover, each athlete possesses unique personal and biological requirements for optimum electrolyte replacement. These factors, among others, should be carefully considered by the individual athlete in consultation with his/her physician to determine whether it is appropriate to exceed the suggested SaltStick cap intake.
Is this product safe to use by pregnant women?
Can children use SaltStick Caps?
The suggested usage of SaltStick is for adults over the age of 18. However, the intensity, duration, and/or heat associated with a particular activity may warrant the intake of SaltStick Caps by other athletic populations. Each athlete possesses unique personal and biological requirements for optimum electrolyte replacement. These factors, among others, should be carefully considered by the individual athlete in consultation with his/her physician to determine whether it is appropriate to use SaltStick Caps.
Are the capsule bottles BPA free?
Is the SaltStick dispenser plastic safe to touch food?
Are SaltStick products vegetarian? Vegan?
SaltStick Caps are vegetarian in that they do not contain any meat or meat products. The magnesium stearate and stearic acid used in small amounts in SaltStick Caps for the encapsulation process are derived from vegetable sources. The L-leucine in SaltStick Caps Plus is a purified amino acid originally derived from duck feathers. The vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) used in both products is a pure ingredient, originally derived from an animal source, and is the same material that our bodies synthesize in sunlight. Therefore both products are vegetarian in that they do not contain meat or processed animal parts but do contain ingredients of animal origin and are therefore not considered strictly vegan.
Are SaltStick products gluten-free? Lactose-free?
Are SaltStick products nut-free? shellfish-free?
SaltStick products are made in a facility that makes a variety of other products. The facility adheres to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) regulations that specify storage, equipment cleaning, and documentation standards, among other attributes. The facility does not process fish/shellfish/or nuts within the facility, however, ingredients sourced from fish such as fish oil & powder; shellfish such as glucosamine; and nuts such as walnut hull and almond oil are used within the facility for other products. However, the facility has allergen policy in place, and they do segregate these ingredients in the specified area. SaltStick products are not handled or produced within that area. If you have a severe allergy and despite this information, you should consider using the products under the supervision of a physician or with appropriate treatment (EpiPen, etc…) available if you have ongoing concerns.
Is there any sugar in SaltStick products?
Are the products GMO-free?
Are SaltStick Caps Kosher?
Is there any source of carbohydrates in SaltStick?
Product Usage Question: Dispensers (3)
What’s the benefit of the SaltStick dispenser?
The dispenser provides for easy, convenient, and one handed dispensing of any capsule product method during workouts or training. It can be installed within many aerobar assemblies, attaches externally to bicycles, backpacks and running belts. The dispenser is a proven way to ensure your nutrition is dry, clean and easily accessible.
Will the SaltStick Dispenser fit inside my aerobars?
Will the SaltStick Mini Dispenser fit inside my road bars?
The SaltStick Dispenser will fit inside many road bars that have an empty void, usually covered with plastic caps. To fit inside the bars, a 3.3″ (84mm)straight run is required and a diameter of 0.6″ (15mm). If the road bars have significant ergonomic bends, there is a good chance the SaltStick Mini will not fit inside the bar ends, and would need to be mounted externally, in which case the SaltStick Dispenser (6 capsule model) is recommended. Here is a link to the installation image gallery.
Product Usage Questions: SaltStick Capsules (9)
How will SaltStick Capsules help me as an athlete?
Five electrolytes in particular play a pivotal role in maintaining normal human muscle function: sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and chloride. A shortage of any of these electrolytes will affect athletic performance through a range a subtle to serious side effects. Sweat typically has about 1000 mg sodium/liter, a typical sports drink has 440 mg sodium/liter. If, during the course of training, you ingest nothing but sports drinks (or worse, water), you will become hyponatremic (low sodium) at some point. Many sports drinks also do not address any form of supplementation of the other key electrolytes, potentially causing yet further cramping and muscle issues. It is in the athlete’s best interest to ensure that replacement of the full spectrum of electrolytes is replaced, and in a form and quantity the body can absorb, such as that provided conveniently in a SaltStick Capsule. For more information: Salt Science.
What is the proper use of SaltStick Capsules? When should I take SaltStick Caps?
The basic idea is to keep your supplementation simple and effective, so you have one less thing to worry about on race day, and you can focus on the athletic event rather than on surviving your nutrition plan. As a general guideline, athletes should consume one SaltStick capsule every 30-60 minutes or one SaltStick Caps Plus every 20-60 minutes during any land-based activity (bike/run) for the duration of the activity. Pre-loading with the product can be helpful as well, and including electrolytes in recovery nutrition can be important as well. For more details and suggestions, visit Salt Science.
Can I mix SaltStick Caps & SaltStick Caps Plus together?
Yes. This can be helpful if you choose to moderate your caffeine intake, for example switching to the caffeine-containing Caps Plus towards the end of an event or for overnight events. It is worth reminding you of the importance of testing one’s electrolyte replacement strategy in training, prior to race day.
Is it ok to take the capsules with a sport drink? How should I take SaltStick Caps?
SaltStick can be consumed in the most convenient method for you. You many take a capsule with water or a sports drink, or open the capsule up into your water or sports drink. Your body will still need re-hydration over time, so water or a sports drink should be a part of your overall nutrition plan. If you don’t re-hydrate and just take SaltStick Caps, you will then have excess electrolytes and be dehydrated, which can be a dangerous situation if taken to extremes. The key is to balance out your loss of both fluid and electrolytes and some combination of products will likely serve you best, and you’ll have to figure out what works for you personally. For more ideas of how to use the product, visit SaltStick Usage Guide.
Is it ok to swallow the capsules without any liquid?
Can I open the capsules and pour the powder into water or a sports drink?
Can I chew or open the capsule in my mouth?
Yes. It will taste salty and the contents will arrive at your stomach more quickly, which could cause nausea or upset stomach, but there is no particular safety hazard in doing so. In fact, if you desire rapid delivery of the electrolytes, opening the capsule inside your mouth and leaving the contents under the tongue for a period of time appears to be helpful in more rapid delivery of the electrolytes.
How long does it take for the capsules to open in my stomach?
How should I store the capsules?
Product Usage Questions: Fastchews (21)
Can Fastchews be dissolved in water to create a sports drink?
We don’t recommend it. While it’s technically acceptable, the tablet was formulated to be enjoyed by eating directly. It is not very soluble in water, unlike effervescent tablets that are designed only for dissolution in water. If that is your desired use, we suggest trying a product dedicated to that application.
How many Fastchews equals one SaltStick capsule? Why is the concentration lower?
How should Fastchews be stored?
What happens if Fastchews get wet?
Fastchews will be affected by moisture as salt tends to absorb moisture from the air, eventually causing the tablet to fall apart. This is a cosmetic change, not a safety issue, but from a practical standpoint, the tablet won’t be as easy to consume. Sealed rolls of Fastchews are moisture-resistant and should survive exposure to sweat and moisture during exercise. Always best to keep the product dry.
Do I need to take Fastchews with water?
Can I suck on Fastchews or do I need to chew and swallow?
Why isn’t there vitamin D in Fastchews as there is in SaltStick Caps and Caps Plus?
Fastchews were formulated without vitamin D as it reduced the shelf life of the product and vitamin D has found its way into many sports nutrition products so its extra addition was deemed unnecessary for most cases. If you or your physician determine that addition of vitamin D is helpful, we suggest using SaltStick Caps or Caps Plus, or adding a specific vitamin D supplement.
Why is sodium citrate used rather than sodium chloride?
What are the other ingredients listed used for? Are they safe?
In addition to the salts of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium, Fastchews contains the following ingredients that are used for the indicated purpose. All ingredients are “Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS)” and have been used extensively in foods and supplements for many years and have excellent safety profiles.
Are Fastchews vegan or vegetarian?
Are Fastchews non-GMO?
Out of an abundance of caution, we have carefully sourced all non-GMO ingredients whenever the possibility of GMO exist for a given ingredient. Only plant-based ingredients (not minerals) have GMO/non-GMO varieties, and so only the non-GMO versions have been used. We should state, however, we are not aware of any scientific studies that have demonstrated any difference between GMO and non-GMO ingredients on human health or outcome of disease, and so we have used non-GMO ingredients to satisfy the consumer population seeking such products.
Are Fastchews gluten-free?
Are Fastchews considered organic?
Is there colour added?
Are Fastchews Kosher?
Are Fastchews steroid and banned substance free?
Can Fastchews be used to help a hangover?
In our experience, proper hydration (with water) and electrolyte intake are key to avoid the dehydrating effects of alcohol that contribute to hangover symptoms. SaltStick Fastchews and SaltStick Caps can be used to help replace the electrolytes lost. We can’t claim that Fastchews will cure hangovers, but you won’t be disappointed!
Are Fastchews suitable for children and youth sports?
What is the recommended dose?
What is the maximum dose per day?
Can Fastchews be used for other sports and activities?
Science & Product Questions (17)
Why should I care about electrolyte loss? Give me a brief summary!
Sweat contains principally water and electrolytes (mostly sodium). One major cause of muscle cramping is due to low electrolyte levels in blood. The longer the duration of the activity, the greater the fluid, caloric and electrolyte loss, and therefore the greater the importance to follow some strategy to replace components in all 3 categories.
Proper electrolyte supplementation prior to, and throughout your event, along with appropriate fluid intake, is key to avoiding cramps and performing your best. A balanced supply of absorbable sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium is your best weapon against cramping. With those electrolytes lost in a 220-63-16-8 ratio for the average athlete, it is in the athlete’s best interest to ensure that replacement of the full spectrum of electrolytes is replaced, and in a form and quantity the body can absorb, such as that provided conveniently in a SaltStick Capsule.
To determine your sweat rate, there are various methods listed online that basically have you measure your weight loss during an activity that will then equal your sweat loss. (For example, Runners World – Know thy sweat rate) Determination of electrolyte loss in sweat requires more scientific testing since the concentration of electrolytes in sweat varies between people. Heavy sweaters tend to find themselves covered in white salt if they wear darker clothing, and the sweat will taste very salty, stinging eyes, etc… Lighter sweaters tend not to notice any salt loss and overall sweat rates tend to be low, keeping clothing dry.
As a general guideline, for light sweaters or smaller individuals, consider 1 SaltStick Cap per hour. For heavy sweaters, larger individuals, or in hotter conditions, consider 2-3 SaltStick Caps per hour. The best strategy for success is to practice your nutrition strategy during training so you can optimize for what works for you, and then execute that during racing. A complete suggested usage guide is here: Training with SaltStick Capsules.
Do SaltStick products contain any WADA prohibited substances?
No. Every lot of SaltStick Caps is tested by an independent lab for WADA-prohibited substances. None of our competitors can say that. This is one of the reasons that countless professional athletes use SaltStick. Please read more information regarding prohibited substance testing at WADA drug testing of SaltStick capsules.
How do SaltStick Caps compare with the World Health Organization (WHO) oral rehydration solution (ORS) formula?
The WHO ORS is a powder added to water or a ready-to-drink fluid with ingredients of glucose, sodium and potassium. Glucose, a simple sugar, acts as an energy source. Sodium and potassium help replace electrolytes in blood. The WHO ORS is more of a survival aid, not a performance aid, and can be useful in field hospitals or settings where providing a patient with fluid, glucose and electrolytes is time-critical. The sodium content is very concentrated, equal to approximately 8 SaltStick Caps in a liter of water (1700mg/L), and tastes very salty. There is no magnesium or calcium in the WHO solution. SaltStick Caps contains no glucose and a scientific blend of all 4 electrolytes, and the capsule provides a tasteless and convenient dosage format, and allows customization of the energy source during exercise. Each product has been designed for different purposes, and while the WHO ORS can be used by athletes as well, it is not purpose-engineered for that population.
Which SaltStick capsule product is right for me? SaltStick Caps or SaltStick Caps Plus?
SaltStick Caps: Less expensive, robust formulation, higher amounts of electrolyte per capsule, great as a regular training product, can be used in racing as well
SaltStick Caps Plus: Contains caffeine for an extra energy boost, 100% water soluble contents make it great for opening into fluid to create a custom sports drink, sodium citrate helps to soothe sensitive stomachs, great for high intensity training and racing.
Is this product safe to take if you are watching your salt intake? What if I have high blood pressure?
If you are on a sodium-restricted diet, then it would probably be best to consult your physician when considering the use SaltStick products. As a concentrated electrolyte source, the products contain sodium. Each capsule of SaltStick Caps contains 215mg sodium and each capsule of SaltStick Caps Plus contains 190mg sodium. As part of an exercise regimen, these products have a specific and worthwhile purpose to replace lost electrolytes. They are not designed to become part of a normal diet as regular daily intake of food provides sufficient electrolytes for normal daily activities. It is worthwhile to note that only a small percentage of the population will actually react to dietary sodium with higher blood pressure. Large-scale scientific reviews have determined there’s no reason for people with normal blood pressure to restrict their sodium intake. If you already have high blood pressure, you may be “salt sensitive.” As a result, reducing the amount of salt you eat could be helpful. It’s also been known for the past 20 years that people with high blood pressure who don’t want to lower their salt intake can simply consume more potassium-containing foods. Why? Because it’s really the balance of the two minerals that matters. In fact, Dutch researchers determined that a low potassium intake has the same impact on your blood pressure as high salt consumption does. And it turns out, the average guy consumes 3,100 milligrams (mg) of potassium a day—1,600 mg less than recommended. Read more about this at: Fact or Myth: Sodium Raises Blood Pressure
Why do I need more than just sodium?
Five electrolytes in particular play a pivotal role in maintaining normal human muscle function: sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and chloride. A shortage of any of these electrolytes will affect athletic performance through a range a subtle to serious side effects. For more information visit Salt Science
Why do I need potassium?
Potassium is the primary electrolyte located inside the body’s cells (intracellular) and stored in muscle fibers along with glycogen. It plays a critical role by helping transport glucose into the muscle cell. Potassium also interacts with both sodium and chloride to control fluid and electrolyte balance and assists in the conduction of nerve impulses. When glycogen breaks down to supply energy for your workouts, muscle cells are depleted of potassium. As a result, there is a greater concentration of potassium in your blood and greater quantities are lost in sweat and urine. Potassium deficiency symptoms are nausea, slower reflexes, vomiting, muscle weakness, muscle spasms, cramping, and rapid heart rate. Read more at: The Importance of Potassium Supplementation in Endurance Training and Racing.
What are the ingredients of SaltStick Caps and Caps Plus?
Hyponatremia: What is it, and how does it occur?
Hyponatremia is a medical condition marked by low blood sodium levels, can lead to nausea, fatigue, cramping, vomiting, weakness, sleepiness, and in rare severe cases, even death. Among other causes, hyponatremia can be caused by excess sweating while replacing fluid lost with water alone. Consuming SaltStick Caps along with fluid is the best way to avoid hyponatremia during exercise or in hot conditions. Read more here: Wikipedia – Hyponatremia.
Why don’t SaltStick products contain sea salt and trace minerals?
There are no significant trace minerals in addition to what’s listed on the labels. In terms of scientific “sweat replacement”, the trace minerals are of little importance since they are lost in trace amounts in sweat and a normal diet is usually sufficient to replace those losses. If you feel that trace minerals are important for you specifically then a product based on unrefined sea salt would likely be a better choice. However, it may lack the macro-electrolytes like potassium, magnesium and calcium that athletes lose in sweat in large amounts.
Why sodium citrate? What is wrong with “salt”?
Sodium citrate is a source of the important electrolyte sodium in a form that is readily available to the body, while at the same time, soothes the stomach. For individuals with sensitive stomachs, especially during intense exercise, sodium citrate is an ideal source of sodium as compared with sodium chloride (table salt). As well, sodium citrate tastes “less salty” and makes for an ideal powdered supplement to add to create a custom electrolyte beverage. It is a more expensive ingredient and therefore products with this material may cost more. Sodium citrate is one of the active ingredients in the antacid “Alka-Seltzer” and hence soothes the stomach while supplying sodium for electrolyte replacement. Also, some athletes have found that the chloride present in sodium chloride (table salt) can irritate the stomach. Both sodium chloride and sodium citrate are easily absorbed into the body.
Why don’t you include Ginger Root in your formulation?
Ginger root at doses of 0.5-2g per day has been inconclusively shown to have some anti-nausea and stomach-soothing effects. One study demonstrated that 0.5g-1.0g significantly aids in reduction of the severity of acute chemotherapy-induced nausea in adult cancer patients. Another study demonstrated that ginger does not possess antimotion sickness activity, nor does it significantly alter gastric function during motion sickness. Another study indicates that ginger may help “attenuate the day-to-day progression of muscle pain”. Other studies have shown consuming ginger before exercise has no impact on muscle pain, oxygen consumption and other physiological variables during or immediately after a workout, suggesting that if ginger does have any benefits, they may be limited to reductions in soreness in the days after a workout. You can read more about Ginger root here: Is Ginger good for an upset stomach. Our suggestion is that if you feel that ginger root would be beneficial as a dietary supplement, we would suggest finding a quality ginger root supplement or to eat fresh ginger in meaningful quantities.
My coach told me to take x mg of salt per hour. Is that the same as sodium?
No, sodium and salt are not the same. Be sure to clarify with your coach exactly what they are suggesting. “Salt” is usually what people call sodium chloride, which is about 40% by weight sodium. This means that the 550 mg of sodium chloride in a capsule of SaltStick Caps represents an available 215 mg of elemental sodium (the rest is chloride). Other sources of sodium have different amounts of sodium by weight. For example, the 810mg of sodium citrate in SaltStick Caps Plus represents 190 mg of elemental sodium. Therefore, when you compare labels or intake goals, be sure to compare just the elemental sodium values. If a product does not report “sodium” as a stand-alone nutritional identity, you may be able to calculate the value from the ingredients. Also be sure to tell the company to get an FDA-compliant label, because all US labels need to have minerals listed individually.
What is bioavailability?
A nutrient’s bioavailability is the proportion of the nutrient that, when ingested, actually gets absorbed by the body. Absorption rate is important because even when a drug is absorbed completely, it may be absorbed too slowly to produce any effect. SaltStick Caps and Caps Plus contains water-soluble chelated sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium chlorides, citrates and gluconates that have high bioavailability and fast absorption rates. This is in contrast to some supplements that use forms of these minerals that have lower bioavailability, are insoluble, or require high stomach acid to digest. More info here: Wikipedia – Bioavailability.
Why do I appear to suffer in the heat more as I get older?
Studies have shown, including PlosOne – Age-Related Decrements in Heat Dissipation during Physical Activity Occur as Early as the Age of 40 that older individuals tend to sweat less and have a more difficult time to release body heat. The general suggestion is to increase fluid consumption and reduce the amount of time spent in hot or sunny conditions. Addition of SaltStick Caps to fluid consumption will ensure that your body is provided with sufficient electrolyte replenishment under those conditions. Decrements in whole-body heat loss capacity were apparent as early as the age of 40 and declined with advancing age. The study concludes that not only should older adults be cautious of the risks associated with performing physical activity when ambient air temperature rises, but middle-aged adults should also be aware that they could be more prone to heat-related illness compared to young individuals.
Do SaltStick Caps help for a hangover?
Service Questions (4)
What is the SaltStick warranty?
The SaltStick products are covered for a period of 90 days from the date of purchase. During this period of time, defective product will be replaced free of charge, subject to the exclusions described on the warranty details page. We really want to make sure you are pleased with your purchase, so contact us if you feel like the product is not performing at the level you expect.
Do you have other colour nozzles for the SaltStick Dispenser?
Can I obtain a replacement parts, such as the red or yellow SaltStick dispenser nozzle?
The nozzle can sometimes come off if it is hit or sometimes even during normal wear and tear. We would like to make your dispenser whole again and offer inexpensive replacement parts, including installation washers, GRIP clips, and nozzles via our parts partner TriSports.com. Please click TriSports.com to proceed to their website to order your replacement parts. Sorry, but the appropriate shipping fees will be charged. When replacing the nozzle, please ensure the black plastic surface onto which the nozzle installs is clean and dry. We suggest cleaning the surface of both the plastic and the vinyl with rubbing alcohol to remove any oil or dirt and to ensure the best adhesion. You may also choose to tape the nozzle in place with duct tape if you use the dispenser in harsher environments where the dispenser is subject to unusual situations.
My dispenser stopped working! What should I do?
First, try to diagnose what might be occurring: Could a capsule have jammed in due to water or moisture? Don’t force the mechanism, rather, remove the coloured end nozzle and clean out the tube, washing the inside with water if necessary. Be sure to allow the tube to dry in the sun before replacing the nozzle. This cleaning process usually resolves most issues if due to a blockage. If the dispenser had broken due to another issue, consider sending it back for warranty service if it qualifies.
Sponsorship, Events, Sales (4)
How do I become a sponsored athlete?
Due to supporting existing relationships and the overwhelming number of requests, no new proposals are being accepted at this time. However, if you are really motivated and feel like you have something extraordinary to share, make your best case. Read more here: Sponsorship Due to the large number of requests, we will get back to you only if we are interested in discussing your proposal further.
How can I get my event sponsored by SaltStick?
SaltStick sponsors a select number of events throughout the year. We get a lot of requests. We review every application. We won’t make any promises, but someone will get back to you. To be considered for event or club sponsorship, read more here: http://www.saltstick.com/about/sponsorship.htm
How can my retail store sell SaltStick products?
For US retailers, you can contact us on our feedback page or work with one of our US distributors. For all international retailers, please visit the distributor page and contact the appropriate regional distributor for your country. If your country is not listed, please contact us via feedback page.
I want to import SaltStick into my country. What do I need to do?
We get a surprisingly large number of requests like this. Before you contact us, please review our existing distributors listed on our Distributors page. If you do not see your country listed, please contact us via thefeedback page and provide as much detail as possible on your company, existing markets, product lines, and complete contact info, and we will reply if interested.
Nearly every lot of SaltStick Caps has been tested for WADA-prohibited substances. None of our competitors can say that.
How else can Ironman World Champions and Half-Ironman World Champions depend on our products?
We recognize the importance of drug-free sport, and of competing on a level playing field. As a sponsor of many elite-level athletes around the globe, we take the safety of our products seriously, and SaltStick Caps is the electrolyte capsule of choice. The product is produced in a cGMP (current Good Manufacturing Practices) facility to ensure product of the highest quality.
SaltStick Caps contain only the ingredients listed on the product label. SaltStick Caps are safe and legal for use in any sporting event governed by the World Anti-Doping Association (WADA), the US Anti-Doping Association (USADA), the UCI (Union Cycliste International), and the NFL (National Football League), among others.
Accidental contamination of supplements with prohibited substances is of great concern for every athlete, especially professionals who are tested on a regular basis. Lots of SaltStick Caps continue to be tested for WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) prohibited substances by HFL Sport Science (owned by LGC), the testing lab behind INFORMED-CHOICE. Extensive and long-term testing has been conducted on nearly every lot produced, and all tested lots have been negative for contamination. More information on HFL's testing is availablehere.
HFL (and INFORMED-CHOICE) offers the ONLY supplement testing program that uses a WADA-experienced lab and ISO 17025 accredited analytical methods to analyse for banned substances. More information on the program is available here.
SaltStick Caps are produced in a cGMP (current Good Manufacturing Practices) facility, certified by the Natural Products Association and registered NSF Certified for Sport®. Between each production run, machines in this contract lab are cleaned based on cGMP compliant cleaning procedures, as well as all other handling steps. This ensures the quality of the final product is of the highest pharmaceutical standard.
More insight into the importance of cGMP supplement production, analytical testing and sources of contamination can be found in a 3-part series of articles written for the multisport website Slowtwich.com. Links to the articles can be found below or in the Media section.
Ironman Champ Craig Alexander Talks about Supplement Testing
The following list of SaltStick Caps lots have been tested and found NOT to contain any of over 100 of the most common WADA-prohibited substances that can be present as a result of inadvertent contamination. Links to the certificate of analysis (COA) for each lot is provided for your information and protection. For identical lots with different language labels, lot numbers are grouped together by single analysis.
A link to HFL's list of tested products is available here
Certificate of Analysis
Why do many athletes need electrolyte supplementation?
Hyponatremia, a medical condition marked by low blood sodium levels, can lead to nausea, fatigue, cramping, vomiting, weakness, sleepiness, and in rare severe cases, even death.
Five electrolytes in particular play a pivotal role in maintaining normal human muscle function: sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and chloride. A shortage of any of these electrolytes will affect athletic performance through a range a subtle to serious side effects.
Sweat typically has about 1000 mg sodium/liter, a typical sports drink has 440 mg sodium/liter. If, during the course of training, you ingest nothing but sports drinks (or worse, water), you will become hyponatremic at some point. Many sports drinks also do not address any form of supplementation of the other key electrolytes, potentially causing yet further cramping and muscle issues.
A popular and simple solution to electrolyte shortage due to sweating is supplementation using electrolyte capsules.
Why do I need more than just sodium? Table salt is easy to find and cheap to add to my drink mix...?
While sodium is the predominant electrolyte lost in sweat, a quartet of other electrolytes (potassium, magnesium, calcium, and chloride) performs crucial roles in muscle contraction, relaxation, and performance. Loss of these electrolytes over time will impair your muscles to function normally. Table salt only contains sodium chloride. Furthermore, adding too much salt to a drink will make it unpalatable and you will be less likely to actually drink it. A capsule delivers the electrolytes you need without tasting bad.
If I take salt capsules, where will I get my carbohydrates?
A strategy that has worked for countless pros and age groupers is to separate your electrolytes from your energy sources so that you can customize the dose of each group. This means to obtain electrolyte supplementation through capsules alone, and an energy source through solid or gel foods and/or complex carb drinks (e.g. maltodextrin).
A low sodium diet...
Scientific research maintains that the average Western diet is already too high in sodium and would benefit from a reduction in sodium intake. As sodium consumption increases, output in sweat also increases to maintain a healthy level in our body. Your body become acclimatized to this intake, and "needs" more sodium to maintain this level of function. However, athletic performance drives up the loss of sodium through sweat. If your diet already contains a lot of sodium, you'll need to maintain a higher level of sodium in your body to keep homeostasis (balance) and your ability to function under athletic stress. This can be accomplished by higher doses of electrolyte supplementation. If your diet is lower in sodium, you will still lose electrolytes through sweat, but you can maintain your appropriate blood electrolyte level with less supplementation. In many respects, the ideal situation is to live a low-sodium diet and supplement during heavy training and racing as needed. Using SaltStick Caps electrolyte capsules will allow you to do this easily, and to customize your dose based on individual need.
What is the science behind SaltStick®Caps?
Simple: What is lost in sweat should be replaced by your electrolyte capsules in a quantity and form which your body can absorb. SaltStick® Caps have been formulated to provide your body with a balanced electrolyte content in the suggested serving of 1 capsule per 30-60 minutes. Two SaltStick Caps in an hour equate to 430 mg sodium, 126 mg potassium, 22 mg magnesium, and 44 mg calcium per hour: The ideal ratio to keep you moving.
The Math of Salt Loss Slowtwitch Oct 2009
Comparison of SaltStick and Sweat
From Maughan and Shirreffs, 1998. Fluid and electrolyte loss and replacement in exercise. In Oxford textbook of sports medicine, 2nd Edition. Edited by Harris, Williams, Stanish, and Micheli. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 97-113
What is bioavailability and why does it matter?
A nutrient's bioavailability is the proportion of the nutrient that, when ingested, actually gets absorbed by the body. Absorption rate is important because even when a drug is absorbed completely, it may be absorbed too slowly to produce any effect. SaltStick® Caps contain water-soluble chelated potassium, calcium and magnesium citrates and gluconates that have high bioavailability and fast absorption rates. Sodium chloride present is also bioavailable and quickly absorbed. This is in contrast to some supplements that use forms of these minerals that have lower bioavailability, are insoluble, or require high stomach acid to digest.
Recent study on how Salt increases physical performance in endurance competitions
More summaries and research on the importance of electrolytes in sports:
Note: Any exercise program or changes to your diet should be reviewed with your doctor before beginning a program. Individuals with high blood pressure or any medical condition should seek professional advice prior to electrolyte supplementation.
Note: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
Recommended SaltStick Caps Usage Guide
Jonathan Toker, Ph.D.
Download a pdf of this text.
SaltStick Caps contain a balanced and buffered mixture of the electrolytes that are lost in sweat, in a ratio and form that your body needs for optimal performance. The general guideline for supplementation has been successful for most athletes in a wide range of event distances and training durations. The basic idea is to keep your supplementation simple and effective, so you have one less thing to worry about on race day, and you can focus on the athletic event rather than on surviving your nutrition plan.
As a general guideline, athletes should consume one SaltStick capsule every 30-60 minutes during any land-based activity (bike/run) for the duration of the activity. In hot conditions, extreme humidity, or for larger athletes, a greater number of capsules may be needed to maintain safe electrolyte levels. The maximum number of capsules recommended per day is 10, although athletes in extreme conditions and longer events may find it necessary to exceed this number. It is strongly recommended to test your planned electrolyte protocol in training several times before race day.
It should be stressed that every athlete sweats differently, reacts to heat and humidity differently, and reacts to the stress of a race or training differently. What this means to the athlete in particular is the importance of testing one's electrolyte replacement strategy in training, prior to race day. Listening to your body prior to and during an event is also key, so you can adapt your electrolyte plan accordingly. Being flexible and keeping your plan simple will give you the best chance of success.
Opening capsules into water bottles
Many athletes find it convenient to open 1 or 2 capsules into a water bottle, shaking the liquid contents before each drink to ensure that the small amount of insoluble powder is distributed in the water. A small amount of flavoring (sports drink powder or sugarless drink mix) may be added to enhance the taste. Water bottles prepared in this manner should be consumed as prepared, with limited fresh water as additional fluid. A super-concentrate electrolyte solution can be prepared by adding several capsules to water. Usage of the super-concentrate would involve diluting down a small gulp of the concentrate with fresh water. The downside to this method is an increased risk of miscalculation of electrolyte intake and a strong salty taste. Whichever method is employed, it is strongly recommended to test the protocol in training several times before race day.
Pre-training: No specific supplementation is necessary. Maintain adequate hydration with sufficient electrolyte content in the days leading up to a major training block to maintain your weight. For long distance training under extreme conditions, take 1 SaltStick capsule the night before your activity, and one capsule with breakfast before your activity.
During training: Most athletes will find that normal training less than 2 hours should not require too much in the way of electrolyte supplementation, and water alone will suffice. Riding or running longer than a
Why Choose SaltStick Caps?
SaltStick Caps have been formulated to provide electrolytes to help minimize heat stress and muscle cramping due to perspiration, in a quantity and form which your body can absorb. This product is ideal for athletes, outdoor workers or for use in hot conditions. Two SaltStick Caps in an hour equate to 430 mg sodium, 126 mg potassium, 44 mg calcium, and 22 mg magnesium per hour, which is the ideal ratio to keep you moving. Learn more in these key sections below:
Shipping & Returns Policy
Order with confidence!
TITAN Performance Group is committed to our 'signature' customer service and satisfaction. If you receive any products or merchandise that you are not satisfied with, simply return it to us within 30 days in the condition that you received it and we will happily exchange the size or refund your purchase*.
Any items returned outside of this period (unless faulty) or items returned damaged or soiled (unless faulty) will be the responsibility of the customer to retrieve. TITAN Performance Group will not pay to return these items to you.
Return Terms and Conditions
Returns must be in as new condition with tags attached unless faulty. Due to health regulations, we are unable to exchange or refund on any underwear or ear ring purchase unless faulty within the manufacturer's warranty period. We recommend sending returns via registered post as we do not accept responsibility for lost items. Gift cards and promo codes cannot be applied to exchanges. Returns must be made within the timeframe listed (30 days) unless faulty. Size exchange requests are subject to availability of stock. Should your size request be unavailable a refund will be provided. TITAN Performance Group does not accept cash as a form of payment and takes no responsibility for cash sent via post.
All items returned for refund or exchange must be returned in the original condition with tags attached (unless faulty). Please ensure all returned clothing items are free from marks, stains and rips as they may not be accepted for return if received damaged (unless faulty).
Boxed/Packaged Goods: When returning boxed or packaged goods please ensure you pack them inside a satchel and do not attach anything to the outside of the original packaging. Should the packaging be marked or in unsatisfactory condition there may be a chance that we will not accept your return.
Underwear and Earrings: Due to hygiene reasons TITAN Performance Group is not able to accept returns on underwear or earrings unless faulty.
Swimwear: Swimwear can be returned if it is unworn, and in its original condition with all tags and protection stickers attached. We recommend trying on swimwear over underwear as soiled items will not be accepted for return and will be returned to you at your own expense.
Wetsuits: When returning wetsuits the product information and folding guide must be followed. If you did not receive the folding guide, please contact customer service. Badly creased wetsuits may not be accepted for return unless faulty. Please refer to the XTERRA Wetsuits returns policy for specific details.
During peak returns periods, TITAN Performance Group cannot guarantee returns will be processed within 3 days. If a size exchange is required we recommend placing a new order online and returning your original items for refund to avoid exchange items selling out.
Promotional discount offers will be honoured when exchanging size, but in the case your size request is unavailable or a refund is requested promotional offers will not be extended to your new order. Any free promotional items should be returned along with your order.
*Sale items can be returned after 30 days if the product is faulty under warranty or the incorrect item was received.
Faulty Item Returns
All repairs are carried out by the manufacturer and not by TITAN Performance Group. In some cases, faulty items cannot be repaired and a replacement or refund will be offered. TITAN Performance Group cannot control the availability of parts of replacement goods.
TITAN Performance Group has no control over manufacturer warranty periods, nor can we control repair periods and cannot advise what they will be. We will however do everything we can to ensure your faulty item is handled as quickly as possible and that you are informed throughout the process. In cases where you have returned goods directly to the manufacturer, TITAN Performance Group cannot be held accountable for repair periods or communication from the manufacturer.
Faulty items may be returned outside of the regular returns time frames providing the item is still under warranty. Please contact customer service (firstname.lastname@example.org) or the brand directly for warranty periods.
We aim to have your return processed within 3 days of receiving the item, however some faults must be approved by the manufacturer before a refund or replacement can be issued. This process usually takes around 1-4 weeks.
Watch and Wetsuit returns: Each manufacturer may have different warranty periods or service standards for faulty items. TITAN Performance Group works closely with its brands to ensure faulty items are dealt with promptly, but we have no control over the repairs or assessment process for warranty issues. In most cases, products returned in used condition will be repaired instead of replaced and will not be refunded unless repair is impossible. Any items returned outside of the warranty period will generally incur a charge for the repair. For more information on your products warranty, please contact the brand directly.
GoPro Returns: Please ensure you have visited the GoPro Support site before contacting TITAN Performance Group about your GoPro. Many questions and issues can be resolved here: www.gopro.com/support
Here's how to have a hassle-free refund or exchange:
- Please complete the returns form below within 30 days of purchase. (If you would prefer not to enter your credit card details then please tick one of the credit card boxes on the form. Please note that if you have requested a credit card call that we work on Australian Central Daylight Time, so if you are in a significantly different time zone then the call may be quite late/early your time).
- Indicate whether an exchange or refund is required for each item returned.
- Please package the item/s in the same way they arrived to you. Include a copy of the returns form with the parcel. Please do not mark shoeboxes with tape or stamps. An easy way to return is to turn the courier bag the items arrived in, inside out and reuse this to return items.
- We recommend that you send your return via a registered post delivery service, as we cannot accept responsibility for any items lost in transit.
- Please mark the outside of the box and the customs form (only required if sending from outside Australia) 'Goods being returned to manufacturer ' to avoid any delays and charges with customs. We cannot be responsible for any charges occurring from this being omitted.
- We aim to process all returns within 3 working days of receipt. If you are in a hurry for the replacement item then we recommend that you order the needed item from our website immediately and return the unwanted item for a refund rather than waiting for an exchange.
- If you believe an item to be faulty then we strongly recommend that you contact us before returning the item to us. This way we can determine the fault. Please refer to the Faulty Items Returns information above.
- Please note that you will be charged outbound postage for exchanges unless the original item was faulty or despatched incorrectly. On these rare occasions any replacement item/s would be sent free of charge and you would be refunded for the cost of returning the item.
Please send returns to:
TITAN Performance Group
Shop 3, 367-369 Brighton Road
Hove SA 5048
Phone: (08) 8296 5274